fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "remmitance department" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "remmitance department" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Royal Bank Of Canada" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 14 Mar 2018 09:18:02 -0700
Subject: Re: YOUR PAYMENT FINAL OPTION
ROYAL BANK OF CANADA
6 FORT YORK BLVD,
TORONTO ON M5V 3Z2, CANADA
AMOUNT VALUED: US$10, 500, 000.00
I AM OBLIGED TO UPDATE YOU OF THE MEETING HELD TODAY BETWEEN THE US FINANCE SERVICE AUTHORITY (FSA) AND CANADIAN MONETARY REGULATORY AGENCY, THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY, THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND AND OTHER CONCERNED MONETARY AGENCIES REGARDING TO YOUR FUND VALUED $10.5M WHICH WAS RETURNED TO THE GOVERNMENT TREASURY ACCOUNT DUE TO YOUR INABILITY OF FULFILLING THE REQUIRED FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS FOR RECEIVING THE PAYMENT. AFTER GOING THROUGH YOUR PAYMENT FILES, I HAVE COME TO UNDERSTAND THE INCONVENIENCE AND FINANCIAL COMMITMENTS YOU HAVE INVESTED SO FAR IN CONCLUDING YOUR TRANSACTION WHICH WAS ALL TO NO AVAIL.
HOWEVER, CONSIDERING YOUR EFFORTS TOWARDS ACHIEVING THIS AIM, WE HAVE COME TO MAINTAIN EQUITY, JUSTICE AND FAIRNESS IN OUR DEALINGS WITH BENEFICIARIES SUCH AS YOURS, HENCE WE HAVE INSISTED THAT YOUR FUNDS SHOULD BE REVERSED FROM THE GOVERNMENT TREASURY AND BE RELEASED TO YOU ACCORDINGLY WITHOUT ANY FURTHER DELAY. SO ON THIS NOTE, WE HAVE IMMEDIATELY SECURED AN APPROVAL FOR PAYMENT ON YOUR BEHALF AND WE ARE NOW PROCESSING THE FUND RELEASE TO YOU AS THE SOLE BENEFICIARY OF THE APPROVED FUND PAYMENT.
THEREFORE ALL YOU WERE REQUIRED NOW IS TO RECONFIRM YOUR RESIDENTIAL ADDRESS, VALID IDENTITY CARD OR INTERNATIONAL PASSPORT, TELEPHONE NUMBER AND YOUR COMPLETE BANKING DETAILS WHERE THE FUNDS WOULD BE TRANSFERRED TO YOU IMMEDIATELY, HENCE WE AVOID BEING HELD RESPONSIBLE IN ANY WRONGFUL TRANSFER THEREAFTER, BUT BASED ON THE LOGISTICS I HAVE ON HAVE I AM EVER READY TO ASSIST YOU AND MAKE THIS LONG AWAITED PAYMENT A REALITY BY GIVING YOU ACCESS TO YOUR OFFSHORE BUSINESS ACCOUNT ONLINE TO ENABLE AN ONWARD TRANSFER FROM YOUR ACCOUNT TO OTHER OF YOUR BANK ACCOUNT COORDINATES ANY WHERE IN GLOBE.
AWAITING FOR THE REQUIRED INFORMATION AS SOON AS POSSIBLE TO ENABLE US EXPEDITE IMMEDIATE ACTION ON YOUR FUND RELEASE /TRANSFER NOW.
NOTE THAT YOUR REPRESENTATIVE HAS BEEN IN CONTACT WITH THIS BANK FOR A CHANGE OF BENEFICIARY OWNERSHIP/NOTICE BUT WAS NOT ACCEPTABLE BY THE MANAGEMENT AS HIS REQUEST WAS TURNED DOWN DUE TO SOME ABNORMALITIES FOUND ON HIS REQUEST.
THANKS IN ANTICIPATION OF YOUR CO-OPERATION,
DIRECTOR REMMITANCE DEPARTMENT
ROYAL BANK OF CANADA (R.B.C)