fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following fake company names, fake addresses, non-existent institutions/documents or other details have appeared in scams before:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "the consignment" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "trunk box" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "trunk boxes" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "diplomatic delivery" ("diplomats" who perform deliveries of cash or other valuables to you only exist in 419 scams)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Governor (CBN)" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 2 Apr 2018 09:09:18 -0700
Subject: Your Funds details
It was resolved after the FEC Board meetings this 7th .March.2018,
that your Inheritance/Contract Funds should be released to you on a special
means and method of payment with tag diplomatic payment,
Already your deliveryman has arrived with your cash trunk boxes
value $10.5 million dollars in JFK AIRPORT ,
United States as their transit.
You have 24 hours to call Mr. Eric Powa now with this line +1-718-568-9040 ,
Quickly call to speak to the diplomatic deliveryman in person of Mr. Eric Powa in the United States.
Let him know if you are still interested to get your trunk box delivered
to you today? As he has been waiting to hear from you to enable him get to
your home address without missing his way.
For your information, the deliveryman with your package is not aware of the
content of the boxes for security purpose. Please do not tell him to avoid
running away with your funds. On no account should you let him know about the
content of the consignment to avoid evil intension.
You are advised to send him your full data
(1) Your Full Name:........
(2) Contact Address:.....
(3) Any form of ID
(4) Phone, Fax and Cell Phone number:......
(5) Age & Sex:.......
(6) Marital Status:.......
(7) OCCUPATION (Profession/Company/Business Name if any):.......
(8) YOUR Next of Kin:........
to verify that you are the right receiver to avoid mistakes.
You are advised not to waste his time at the airport, so that he would not be
stranded in any way because he will return if he finds out that you
are not doing anything to get him over to your house.
Dr. Okwu Joseph Nnanna
Financial System Stability
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)