fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: INVESTMENT INFORMATION <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 3 Apr 2018 05:59:17 -0700
Subject: URGENT ATTENTION NEEDED
Hello, I represent a high net-worth investor who is seeking the attention of genuine and reliable persons, companies and governments who are indeed in need of fund as project finance, investment capital or business expansion investments. Those who can apply
are project owners and general business facilitators away from investor's native country. If you are in this category or know of anyone kindly respond back or refer such for further details Brian.Furze warning This message is intended only for the use of the
individual or entity to which it is directed and may contain information that is privileged, confidential and exempt from disclosure under applicable law. If the reader of this message is not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that any dissemination,
distribution or copying of this communication is strictly prohibited. If you have received this communication in error, please notify the sender immediately by reply e-mail and delete the message and any attachments.
本邮件（包括任何附件）是机密信息，并受到法律保护。如果您不是指定的收件人，严格禁止对本信息内容进行任何披露，复制，分发或使用的行为。如果您收件有误，请立即通知发件人，并从您的系统中删除此邮件的所有副本。谢谢。This message (including any attachments) is CONFIDENTIAL and may be PRIVILEGED. If you are not the intended recipient,
any disclosure, copying, distribution or use or any other action based on the contents of this information is strictly prohibited. If you receive this message in error, please immediately notify the sender and delete all copies of this information from your
system. Thank you.