fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "security keeping fee" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "waiting for your urgent response" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "courier service" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a "New Partner from Paraguay" scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: SENATOR ROSE ORLANDO<firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: 04 Apr 2018 15:21:42 +0300
Subject: CONTACT DHL COURIER COMPANY BENIN
CONTACT DHL COURIER COMPANY BENIN
MOSAFA BEN & COUNSELORS AT LAW
06 BP 1409 AKPAKPA DODOME
WEST AFRICA BENIN
PHONE:+234706 232 2098
Happy new Happy!!!
I have been waiting for you since to contact me for your
Conformable Bank Draft of $14.5m United States Dollars, but I did
not hear from you since for a couple of weeks now. Then I went to
the bank to confirm if the draft has expired or getting near to
expire and Dr.Wilson the Director Bank told me that before the
draft will get to your hand that it will expire. So I told him to
Convert the $14.5m USD UNITED STATES DOLLARS to CASH payment to
avoid losing this funds under expiration as I will be out of the
country for a 3 Months Course and I will not come back till
ending of Jun 2018.
What you have to do now is to contact DHL COURIER SERVICE as soon
as possible to know when they will deliver your package to you
because of the expiring date. For your information, I have paid
for the delivering Charge, Insurance premium.
The only money you will send to the DHL COURIER SERVICES to
deliver your package direct to your postal Address in your
country is ($125.00 US) One hundred and twenty Five United States
Dollars only being Security Keeping Fee of the Courier Company so
far.Again, don't be deceived by anybody to pay any other money
except $125.00 US Dollars. I would have paid that but they said
no because they don't know when you will contact them and in case
You have to contact DHL COURIER SERVICES now for the delivery of
your $14.5M USD with this information bellow;
Directors Name: Dr. Mosafa Ben
Companys Name:DHL COURIER SERVICES
Email Address: (email@example.com)
Tel: +234706 232 2098
Finally, make sure that you reconfirm your Postal address and
Direct telephone number to them again to avoid any mistake on the
Delivery and ask them to give you the tracking number after
payment to enable you track your package over there and know when
it will get to your address. Let me repeat again, try to contact
them as soon as you receive this mail to avoid any further delay
and remember to pay them their Security Keeping fee of $125.00 US
Dollars for their immediate action.
Note this. The DHL COURIER SERVICES don't know the contents of
the Box. I registered it as a BOX of Africa cloths. They did not
know the contents was money. this is to avoid them delaying with
the BOX. Donât let them know that box contents money ok.
I am waiting for your urgent response.
SHIPMENT CODE AWB 33XZS
PACKAGE REGISTERED CODE NO XGT442.
SECURITY CODE SCTC/2001DHX/567/
CERTIFICATE DEPOSIT CODE SCTC/BUN/xxiv/-78/01
God bless you and your family.
SENATOR ROSE ORLANDO