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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Law Offices of David Carlos Kaslow <>
Date: Mon, 23 Apr 2018 06:44:46 -0500
Subject: Legal Rep

My name is David Carlos Kaslow , I am an attorney in California,
UK and Madrid Spain California State Bar Number #155692

I have a business proposal which is highly confidential and will be of
great benefit for both of us, please let me know if you are interested
I will forward you my proposal.

Yours sincerely,

David Carlos Kaslow Esq.

Law Offices of David Carlos Kaslow
California State Bar Number #155692
2203 Los Angeles Ave
Berkeley, CA 94707-2619
Business Law
Calle de Ancora, 30, 28045 Madrid España

Anti-fraud resources: