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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mark Christopher <>
Date: Sat, 28 Apr 2018 04:23:12 -0700

We received a payment instruction from our respected President Donald Trump
in conjunction with the World Bank Group And the International Monetary
Fund (IMF) to credit the total sum of US$8.5m United States Dollars to the
listed beneficiary that lost their money to the scammers.

Kindly provide the below details to enable us process your payment.

Your Full Names:
Your Physical Address:
Your Occupation:
Your Age/ Sex:
Your direct cell/mobile number:
Any valid of your Identification Card.

Mr. Steve Mnuchin
Address: Department of the Treasury
1500 Pennsylvania Ave.,N.W.. Washington, D.C. 20220

Anti-fraud resources: