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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Rtd Gen. Ali Sango" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 10 May 2018 22:43:03 -0700
Subject: Tell me Dear Friend.

Tell me Dear Friend.

Regarding your fund that you abandoned, why not request for any incidental costs, fees or levies be deducted from your fund and balance be release to your bank account via swift. This is international banking procedure and there is no exception

Please inform anybody (your local representatives and any official derailing your fund release) of my comment and this is enforceable. Let me know the outcome

Rtd Gen. Ali Sango
Chairman Nigeria Foreign Debts Verification Committee
Private Email:

Anti-fraud resources: