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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hon. Duro James" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 14 Jun 2018 19:45:17 -0700
Subject: PROJECT

Dear Friend

I have a Mutual/Beneficial Business Project for you, therefore, i urge you to declare your interest in partnering with me.

Please note that the deal requires a high level of maturity, honesty and secrecy because this Involves moving or Siphoning some money from my office, on trust to your hands or bank account. Also note that i will do everything to make sure that the money is moved as a purely legitimate fund, so you will not be exposed to any risk. so to have your full trust, I request for your full co-operation. I will give you details and procedure when i get your reply.

Yours Faithfully

Hon. Duro James

Berry Plastics is now Berry Global. Our email addresses have changed from to Please update your contact information.

This E-mail (including attachments) is confidential and the property of Berry Global, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, \"Berry\"). If you are not the intended recipient, reading, copying, disclosure or any action or forbearance based on the E-mail is prohibited. Berry retains all copyright and other intellectual property rights and objects to misuse. IF YOU HAVE RECEIVED THIS E-MAIL IN ERROR, IMMEDIATELY CONTACT THE SENDER TO SO ADVISE OF THE ERROR AND PERMANENTLY DELETE THIS E-MAIL.

Anti-fraud resources: