fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "affidavit " (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
- verification & transfer committee (fcvtc) e-mail: (firstname.lastname@example.org) immediately you read this email. in view of several (Gmail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Poll Fredrick" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 16 Jun 2018 18:22:07 +0200
Subject: Chairman Investigation Department (NID)==77
THE PRESIDENCY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA
SENATE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN CONTRACT PAYMENT
Your Attention is needed:
I am Bernd Frieze, the Chairman, Senate Committee on Foreign Payment, in cognizance with the credit cover of CBN/YOUR BANK, duly adopted by the Senate Committee on Foreign Payment as requested for a fund movement cover in your favor. I am compelled to advice you to contact: Dr Adams Joseph, Chairman Foreign Contract verification & Transfer Committee (FCVTC) E-mail: (email@example.com) immediately you read this email. In view of several efforts already made by us to contact you for the following reasons, My Office desks have just received a sworn affidavit to re-route your payment into a new bank account as stated CHASE BANK and the Account #: 760575881. Please, confirm to our department if you have instructed anyone to appoint an attorney/agent on your behalf. Please, confirm if you have authorized us through your agents to issue cash Draft payment valued US$20M remittance on your behalf. Also confirm if you have authorized your attorney to change your name to Loren
Robert Davis, and following parti
Account name: LOREN ROBERT DAVIS
Account number: 760575881
Routing number: 123271978
Home address: 201 W OWYHEE AVE APT 1 HOMEDALE ID, 83628
Phone number: 415-873-8674
Bank Name: CHASE BANK
Bank address: 50 2ND ST S NAMPA 83651 BANK
Bank phone number: 208-465-3242
Also re-confirm your information, Your ID, Private Telephone and Fax number, your e-mail address, Office and home address, so that we can cross-check it with our file records.
We have decided to contact you because we suspected that somebody is trying to divert your fund through the sworn affidavit of means, into a new different bank account. Already, their associates have requested us to place a cash call order in their favor on your behalf, but we discovered that your information was not there. Therefore, you are hereby advised to contact (Dr Adams Joseph) Foreign Contract Verification & Transfer Committee on this (firstname.lastname@example.org) regarding the above stated. Please inform him and acknowledge your acceptance to the above stated, but if not, please do not hesitate to inform him very urgently, so that he can stop the diversion of your fund. For security reasons, please contact him through phone or e-mail to avoid interception. And here is his private phone number: +234-
Dr. Poll Fredrick
Chairman Investigation Department (NID)