fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "barrister" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Marina Luda" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 27 Jun 2018 11:12:01 +0100
Subject: STOP CONTACTING THEM, THEY ARE NOT WITH YOUR FUNDS
I am Mrs. Marina Luda, I am a US citizen, 48 years Old. I reside here
in Florida USA.My residential address is as follows, 7008 E Hwy 326
Silver Springs FLorida 34488 United States,am thinking of relocating
since I am now rich. I am one of those that took part in the
compensation in Nigeria many years ago and they refused to pay me, I
had paid over $85,000 while in the US, trying to get my payment all to
So I decided to travel to Washington with all my compensation
documents, And I was directed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation
Director to contact Barrister Bruce Hoek, who is a representative of
the Federal Bureau of Investigation and a member of the Compensation
Award Committee, currently in Nigeria and I contacted him and he
explained everything to me. He said whoever is contacting us through
emails are fake.
He took me to the paying bank for the claim of my compensation
payment. Right now I am the most happiest woman on earth because I
have received my compensation funds of $5.9 Million US
Dollars,Moreover,Barrister Bruce Hoek showed me the full information of
those that are yet to receive their payments and I saw your email as
one of the beneficiaries on the list he showed me, that is why I
decided to email you to stop dealing with those people, they are not
with your fund, they are only making money out of you. I will advise
you to contact Barrister Bruce Hoek. Kindly send your personal details
to him to prove your identification.
You have to contact him directly on this information below.
Compensation Award House
Name: Barrister Bruce Hoek
You really have to stop dealing with those people that are contacting
you and telling you that your fund is with them, it is not in anyway
with them, they are only taking advantage of you and they will dry you
up until you have nothing. The only money I paid after I met Barrister
Bruce Hoek was just $355 USD for the paper works, take note of that.
Once again stop contacting those people, I will advise you to contact
Barrister Bruce Hoek so that he can help you to deliver your fund
instead of dealing with those liars that will be turning you around
asking for different kind of money to complete your transaction.
Thank you and be Blessed.
Mrs. Marina Luda
7008 E Hwy 326 Silver
34488 United States