fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Miss Fabienne Tagro" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 1 Jul 2018 11:07:11 +0100
Subject: I NEED YOUR HELP
Miss Fabienne Tagro
I am Fabienne Tagro, I am 22 yrs old an Ivoirien national. I solicit
that you to assist me to the transfer of the sum of Eleven Million Five
Hundred Thousand US Dollars. This fund was a heritage from my late
parents who were assassinated during the post electoral crisis in my
country. I want you to help me and move this money to your country and
also for you to guide me and invest this money on good Project in your
Kindly contact me through my private email if you can represent my
interest or if there is any lucrative Business in your area of
specialization to enable me detail you well about your role in this
transaction and how we shall transfer this money. Reply me through my
private mail box as stated above. For your assistance, i have set aside
20% of the total sum as your commission.