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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.James Patrick Marvin" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 12 Jul 2018 22:38:06 +0100
Subject: (Are you Interested in being a debt collector officer) 1111 ok

Dear Partner,

I am Mr.James Patrick Marvin, an Interior Designers, Decorators & Art collector with a large client base and because of my job I'm constantly out of the United States. My former Personal Assistant just got married and moved to Europe. If you accept my offer I will need you to take charge of my mail pick up, debt collection in your jurisdiction and drop off as well as errand running during your spare time outside of work. The job is flexible so you can do it wherever you are as long as there is a post office in the area. I will pay for the first week in advance to run any errands, and will also have my mails/packages forwarded to a nearby post office for onward delivery to your address.

If you are Interested in being a debt collector officer/general labor to Decorators & Art collector. Kindly, send me your complete details Names, Address, Age and Mobile/Telephone Numbers for easy access.


Mr.James Patrick Marvin

Anti-fraud resources: