fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "there is no risk involved" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Itotenaan S. Ogiri" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 17 Jul 2018 15:06:04 -0700
Subject: REQUEST FOR A MUTUAL BUSINESS TRANSACTION
The message/information contained herein is legally privileged and in ended only for the addressee. Distribution or dissemination of the message therein is strictly prohibited.
REQUEST FOR A MUTUAL BUSINESS TRANSACTION.
I am sincerely sorry for any inconvenience reading from an unknown fellow may cause you and your esteemed establishment.I am Mr. Itotenaan.S. Ogiri, new Executive Director Finance/Administration, the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC).
The Niger Delta Development Commission as established in 2000 by the Federal Government of Nigeria is aimed at developing and supporting community initiatives in sustainable livelihood improvement, natural resources management and the provision of small-scale community infrastructure for the Nine Niger Delta states of the Federation. The Organization gets its funding from Budgetary Allocation & Excess Crude Oil Sales.
On my resume of office as the newly appointed Executive Director (Finance/ Administration) I, the Managing Director and the Director Project have uncovered unclaimed sum of US $135,000,000.00 (One Hundred and thirty-five Million United States Dollars in our Reserve waiting Clearance for payment to an unnamed Contractor. This amount in question is a proceed of a Federal Government Awarded and Commissioned Contract with our Commission under Contract Number: FGN/NDDC05-35/20
In my capacity as the Executive Director Finance and Administration, we have made necessary arrangements to move this fund out of our reserve for our personal use as we are aware that this is a political appointment and as we are not going to remain in this office for life.
We have urgent need to move this fund to a foreign account for safe-keeping/possible investments in a viable/blue-chip Company in your Country or any other Country of your choice, where Government Policies favors foreign investments with minimal taxation.
AREAS OF INTEREST *Production/Manufacturing *Real Estate *Hotelling,We will discuss your remuneration when I receive your response.
There is no risk involved as all machinery has been set rolling for the speedy and successful execution of this business, To ensure the security of all concerned, all correspondences must be by Electronic mail e-mail and Telephone.
Looking forward for your urgent response.
Mr. Itotenaan S. Ogiri