fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "from the desk of" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Bank of America" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 28 Jul 2018 18:11:07 +0200
Subject: From The Desk of: Paul M, Donofrio...TRANSFER UPDATE
From The Desk of: Paul M, Donofrio...
Bank of America.
Branch Offices New York
1680 Broadway, New York.
NY 10019, USA.
Vice Chairman on Investment Banking
Director, Credit Control Dept.
Attention: Customer Your Fund Transfer $18.5MILLION,
We are hereby officially notify you concerning your fund telegraphic, Transfer through our bank, Bank of America, New York, to your bank account, which has been officially approved by the management of World Bank Swiss WBS to credit the sum of US Eighteen Million Five Hundred Thousand dollars into your bank account.
This fund was part of united nations compensation commission payment reconciliation program of 2017 year, which the Un/Swiss Bank has decided to distribute it generously to help few lucky individuals and the American Government is in agreement with the Swiss Bank to distribute the fund to 700 hundred thousand people in America, Europe & Asia in other to help improve their businesses
These are the information we needed to be reconfirmed by you.
1.Your full name
2.Your Phone Number
3.Your Home address
Mr. Paul M, Donofrio