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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Email Notification" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 22 Aug 2018 02:20:23 -0700
Subject: Message From:

Office Of The Director,
Christopher A. Wray,
Federal Bureau Of Investigation,
935 Pennsylvania Avenue,
NW, Washington, D.C. 20535-0001, USA.
Dear Sir / Madam,
After the spring meetings of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), with the Executive Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, Mr. W. Stuart Symington and  some top officials of the ministry, a letter of transmittal has been issued to the Central Bank of Nigeria to release your outstanding inheritance/contract payment of Eight Million United States Dollars (US$8,000,000.00) within five banking days.
Besides, we were led to understand that the problems before them: A woman named Ms. Joan B Melvin, from New York submitted an application at the Central Bank of Nigeria with a power of attorney and some official documents (allegedly signed by you) for the release of  the Fund to her due to your ill health. And some unscrupulous elements are using this project as an avenue to scam innocent people off their hard earned money by impersonating the Executive Governor or an official of the Central Bank of Nigeria.
In view of this, you are strictly advised to DESIST from further communication with any individual or office pertaining to your over-due inheritance/contract payment and kindly provide your information:
1. Your full Name:
2. Contact Home Address:
3. Your Cellphone Number:
4. Your Date of Birth:
5. Sex:
6. Country:
To the governor's office of the Central Bank of Nigeria via the below details:
OFFICE ADDRESS: Central Bank of Nigeria,
Central Business District,
Cadastral Zone, Abuja, Federal.
Capital Territory, Nigeria.
NOTE: You should ignore any message that does not come from the above email address for security reasons. Ensure that you abide to the Central Bank of Nigeria due process as enshrined in the International Banking Secrecy Act, in order to avoid any form of discrepancy, which may hinder your fund transfer.
Thanks for your understanding and cooperation as we earnestly await your urgent reply.
Best Regards,
Christopher A. Wray,
Federal Bureau of Investigation

Anti-fraud resources: