fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
Date: Wed, 15 Aug 2018 16:05:18 -0700
Wir bieten pers=F6nliche und gesch=E4ftliche Darlehen bei 2% Zinssatz inner=
halb von 1 Jahr bis 40 Jahre R=FCckzahlungsdauer, bieten wir Darlehen mit K=
apitalbasis zwischen dem Betrag von 10.000,00 Euro bis 100.000.000,00 Euro =
an Einzelpersonen, Unternehmen und kooperieren K=F6rperschaften.F=FCr weite=
re Informationen kontaktieren Sie uns bitte per E-Mail: mrlynneerwin97@gmai=
l.com Gr=FC=DFe Mr. Lynne M. Erwin Gruppe Finanzdienstleistungen, Inc. (G.F=
- We offer personal and business loan at 2% interest rate within 1 year to =
19 years repayment duration, we offer loan with capital base between the am=
ount of 10,000.00Euros to 100,000,000.00Euros to Individuals, companies and=
Cooperate Bodies. for more details please contact us via email: mrlynneerw=
firstname.lastname@example.org Regards Mr. Lynne M. Erwin Gruppe Financial Services Ltd