fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "i will advice you " (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- him now: (+1678 853 2618)) or send him an email at(firstname.lastname@example.org) i want you to know that you have 72 hours to call the (Gmail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr Leo Agumber" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 8 Sep 2018 14:25:45 -0430
Subject: Hello 238,73,34,
THIS IS TO INFORM YOU THAT YOUR DELIVERY AGENT HAS ARRIVED WITH YOUR ATM MASTER CARD AT HARTSFIELD-JACKSON ATLANTA INT'L AIRPORT GEORGIA USA CONTACT HIM NOW: (+1678 853 2618)) OR send him an Email at(email@example.com) I want you to know that you have 72 hours to call the delivery agent in person of Meghan Marguerite McCain with this phone number (+1678 853 2618) in the United States, let us know if you are still interested to get your card delivered to you, or you contact the transfer department in Hang Seng Bank Limited,Hong Kong to receive your fund through BANK TO BANK WIRE TRANSFER,i will give you their direct information to contact the Hang Seng Bank Limited,Hong Kong if you want this fund into your account.
I will advice you to forward your receiving information to enable the clearing of your parcel out from the customs.
PHONE:( (+1678 853 2618)
Reconfirm your mailing address. ===============================================
Personal Phone Number...........
Thanks for your understanding.
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Mr Leo Agumber
REPLY TO EMAIL : firstname.lastname@example.org