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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR MALIK RECHARD" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 8 Sep 2018 15:56:54 -0400

I know this email will come to you as a surprise, but never mind. I am
Malik Richard, Manager in Charge of Sovereign Wealth Funds; I propose
to arrange a grant of at least US$25.4Million to you for business
This grant attracts absolutely no interest, and will stay on the
Bank's record for 6 months, after which it will be written off! This
is possible because Sovereign Wealth Funds in my charge usually remain
dormant (inactive) for years because some government officials in the
Middle East who made the initial deposits intended to steal the funds
after leaving office. But, they are either kicked out or killed in
Office, and the Sovereign Wealth Funds accounts then go into dormant
mode. Secondly, it is imperative to let you know that you are in very
good position to receive this fund because of your nationality. This
is because of the basic requirements and confidentiality agreement our
firm has signed with the client in question is that the fund will be
used in your region and that's why I need your partnership.
Therefore, It might interest you to know that if you help and
corporate with me, I can help you on how to secure all the legal
document that can be use to process your name as the real Beneficiary
of this very fund US$25.400,000.00, plus, guide to all the necessary
procedures regarding how this fund can be transfer into your Bank
account in a week or less, with absolutely 100% risk free in the
transaction. And when this transaction is fully finalized, you’re
going to get 40% for your effort.
If you are interested, then respond ONLY via my private email. Please
clearly indicate the following. Considering the volume of discretion
required for success of this project, I ask your reply to my private
Therefore I advise you should forward your information to me as to
enable us proceed on the transaction immediately.
Your full Names:
Your Company Name:
Your Mobile phone number:
Your complete address:
A Scan Copy of your Identity.
Thanks for your anticipated cooperation.
Thank you my friend
Malik Richard

Anti-fraud resources: