fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Guurteley Ryan" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 17 Sep 2018 14:23:41 -0700
Subject: Finally Your Compensation Fund Is Here CASE FILE 54AC003
I am Dr. Ryan Guurteley. I am a US citizen and I am 52 years Old. I reside here in RESERVOIR 3073 Victoria Australia and I am thinking of relocating since I am now rich.
I am one of those that took part in the United Nations Compensation program in Nigeria many years ago and they refused to pay me. I had paid over $25,000 while in the US, trying to get my payment but all was to no avail.
So I decided to travel down to Nigeria with all my compensation documents and I was directed to meet Mrs. Emil Dunham, who is the member of COMPENSATION PROGRAM COMMITTEE, and I contacted her and she explained everything to me. She said who ever is contacting us through emails are fake. She also took me to the paying bank (ZENITH BANK) for the claim of my compensation payment.
Right now, I am the happiest man on earth because I have received my compensation funds of $5,000,000.00 more over, Mrs. Emil Dunham showed me the full information of those that are yet to receive their payments and I saw your email as one of the beneficiaries who have not yet received the payment under CASE FILE 54AC003 and that is why I decided to email you to stop dealing with those people. They are not with your fund; they are only making money off you.
Therefore, I would advise you to contact Mrs. Emil Dunham for assistance and inform her that your CASE FILE is 54AC003. Contact her directly via the information below.
UNITED NATIONS COMPENSATION AWARD PROGRAM
Name: Mrs. Emil Dunham
You really have to stop dealing with those people that are contacting you and telling you that your fund is with them because it is not with them. They are only taking advantage of you and they will dry you up until you have nothing.
The only money I paid after I met Mrs. Emil Dunham was just the bank transfer charges, which is only normal and legitimate as it is in all banks in the world. So please take note of that. Mrs. Emil Dunham shall ensure that you deal directly with the bank (ZENITH BANK).
Once again stop contacting those people. I advise that you contact Mrs. Emil Dunham so that she can help you in the collection of your transfer payment instead of dealing with those liars that will be turning you around asking for different kind of money to complete your transaction.
Thank you and be blessed.
Dr. Ryan Guurteley