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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ruben Robert" <>
Date: Sun, 23 Sep 2018 10:20:51 -0400
Subject: Business and Personal Loan... Apply Now

Good Day Sir/Madam,

We are an association of great business people and help all people of good character to get a loan quickly and safely for the realization of projects. At a rate of 2%, the conditions we present to you are very favorable. If you are interested, please contact us:

Phone number: + 1 209-497-4005

Ruben Robert
Financial Home Services

Anti-fraud resources: