fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "MR ANTONIE GUTERRES," (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 9 Oct 2018 15:40:35 -0500
Subject: Get back to me
UNITED NATIONS FUNDS COMPENSATION DEPARTMENT:
NEW YORK-UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
Dear Sir/Ma Good day,
YOUR FUNDS RELEASE COMPENSATION FOR 2018 FISCAL YEAR:
My name is Mr Ant?nio Guterres,secretary to United Nations,a meeting was held on your behalf by just concluded 73rd United Nation's general assembly within the UN/IMF countries regarding to unclaimed funds denied to many people all over the world,your funds is with the paying bank for immediate payment hence you are a scam victim,it was discovered during this meeting that no funds has been paid to you all this years of pursuit.The funds is now ready for this 2018 fiscal year.You have been approved to receive/claim funds valued at valued $5.5Million only through this international gesture as a compensation.
The $5.5Million is now ready for immediate payment,be advised to urgently contact the Paying bank in Nigeria for the funds payment via ATM VISA CARD OR BANK TO BANK WIRE TRANSFER.Choose of the option for payment.Contact (MR.GODWIN EMEFIELE)E-mail:(email@example.com) forward Your Names,Address,Telephone Number for the payment.The UN is sorry on the delay in paying the funds to you..
MR ANTONIE GUTERRES,
SEC.UNITED NATION OFFICE/IMF OFFICE.