fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: MrsulemaN MohammeD <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 29 Oct 2018 22:33:11 +0100
Subject: I WANT TO INVEST
Good day to you, I am so sorry for sending you such unexpected email.
My name is Mr, SulemaN MohammeD from South Africa, I am searching for
a reliable and experience business expert in Middle-East, United Arab
Emirates, Kuwait or Oman that can guide me in setting up a lucrative
business investment, So i decided to looking for tourism country or a
secure country for this investment project.
I have about $10.5 Million Dollars and I would need your assistance to
invest the money either in Middle-East or United Arab Emirates, Kuwait
or Oman or any other country of your choice under your guidance.
So I am only soliciting for your assistance to invest. My Business is
totally free of risk and trouble.
My plan is for my son to fly down to meet with you for a meeting in
your country face to face about the investment so with that the
investment will commence and my Son will be with you till the
investment process in your country is settled.
If you are willing to assist me or partner with me to invest in United
Arab Emirates, Kuwait or Oman, Please kindly get back to me with your
mobile number and your Nationality Email address:
Thanks with regards
Mr, SulemaN MohammeD