fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "i will advice you " (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Jeff Campbell" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 30 Oct 2018 07:52:17 +0000
Jeff B Campbell Senior Accounting Officer Rand MerchantBank South African D=
ate: October 24 2018 Dear Sir, I'm Jeff B Campbell, a Senior accounting off=
icer at RAND MERCHANT BANK. I am on quest for a business associate. I gathe=
r my source of Contact to you from the United States Embassy here in South =
Africa. I was directed to get into contact with you, over my business trans=
action. Hence, be rest assured all is pretty well. Earlier on 26/June/2014,=
A group of Islamist terrorist by name "Al-Shabaab" took advantage of the n=
ational security insurgency and attacked a city in Cape Town. The incident =
took the life of several residents having twenty one (21) body bags (16) we=
re brutally injured during the bomb attack. On record to the sad event, sou=
rces confirmed, Late Engr Mr/Mrs. Christopher Butros, were among the attack=
ed that claimed both life's and other body bags on attack by the terrorist =
gang in the Northern Region of the Federal republic of South African. My pu=
rpose of contacting you, is for you to stand as a relative to Late Mr. Chri=
stopher Butros, who was a Constructive Engineer on a contractual business w=
ith the Government of South Africa. According to file, Late Mr. Christopher=
Butros, had with South African Reserve Bank a sum of $10 million United st=
ate dollar and his Estate. As a matter of fact, all effort to locate his im=
mediate family proved abortive since he was only here on a contract with th=
e South African Govt, Federal Ministry of Work and Urban Development Counci=
l (FMWUDC) on a four years contract. Therefore, I am asking you to stand in=
as the NEXT OF KIN. I will defend you to the bank. I have shared the perce=
ntage right of the Fund into this applicable ration, I will go with $42% an=
d you will have 48% while the other 10% will to any charitable organization=
of our choice. I have before now done some underground work, to safe guard=
you through and after the finality of these transaction. Hence, do not pan=
ic. All will surely go in through. In conclusion, all I require of you is y=
our maximum trust in honesty to enable us see this deal through. Thus let u=
se this opportunity wisely. On the other look of things, if you feel uncomf=
ortable in helping me I will advice you divulge me so that we do not encoun=
ter any slow down while in progress. I anticipate your response, kindly get=
me your on this email for proceed : email@example.com Y=
ours' Faithfully Jeff B Campbell