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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Joseph Koko" <>
Date: Mon, 12 Nov 2018 19:05:02 +0100
Subject: Can Finalize This Project?

From Mr. Joseph Koko
Telephone: +27-784-923-587

Good Day,


I have to introduce myself since we don't know each other, I am Mr. Joseph
Koko, a Special Adviser to Ex-Gambia President in Finance (Yahya
Abdul-Aziz Jammeh), who is presently seeking asylum in Equatorial Guinea
after he was force to hand over to the newly elected president Adama
Barrow. He assigned a total sum of US$ 25,500,000,00. (Twenty-Five Million
Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars Only) for me to go to Russia
for the purchase of arms/weapons to fight the opposition party.

This money is deposited somewhere, Now I'm looking for very honest,
sincere man or woman who can proceed to where the fund is and assist in
moving out the fund to his/her account for investment purpose.

I am willing to partner with you and invest a substantial amount of money
in your company if you have an existing company or I can also partner with
you to set up a new one, provided you have a substantial and complete
feasibility study on the new company you will need us to partner with you.
I believe in pursuing a positiv

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