fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Yahoo, Japan; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr David Jackson" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 12 Nov 2018 12:37:06 -0800
Subject: Good Morning
Our Ref: RTB /SNT/STB
I am Special Agent David Jackson an FBI delegate that has been delegated to investigate these fraudster who are in the business of swindling Foreigners that came for transaction in Nigeria and all over the world. Please be informed that during my investigation I got to find out that there is huge sum of $10.5million that has been assigned in your name (Beneficiary.) and these fraudster are busy swindling you without any hope of receiving your fund.
We need to inform you that it has come to our notice and we have thoroughly Investigated with the help of our Intelligence Monitoring Network System and the (Interpol) that you are having an illegal Transaction with Impostors Claiming to be the Bank Governor in African, the CEO of Banks, General
Manager Banks, FNB, Loto Officials, FIFA President,Chief Security Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Communications Officer, Chief Operations Officer, Chief IT & T Officer, Chief Marketing and Commercial Officer.
We have to inform you that we have made arrest in respect of this delayed overdue fund. I have a very limited time to stay in Nigeria so I advise you to respond to this mail immediately.
I shall expect your response as soon as you receive this email. Please Note that I have attached my Identification to this email. do not inform any of the people that collected money from you before now about this new development, Till we finish our assignment.
Note that the above fund have been cleared from terrorist or fraud related activities.
contact me on this email: firstname.lastname@example.org
I await your Response.
FEDERAL BUREAU INVESTIGATION NIGERIA DIVISION
INVESTIGATION ON ALL ONLINE WIRE TRANSFER