fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Yahoo; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- p.m.b. 284, garki abuja. phone: +234-7013517524 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org your ref number and file code: 0016b/ndic03/cba2801h attn: (Yahoo; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Folake Edgar"<email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 13 Nov 2018 05:32:42 +0700
Subject: Congratulations (Your Compensation).
Central Bank Of Nigeria
National Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC)
Plot 447/448 Constitution Avenue Central Business District
P.M.B. 284, Garki
Your Ref Number And File Code: 0016B/NDIC03/CBA2801H
ATTN: The Beneficiary,
We have been appointed by the United States Government in compensating scam victims in six major countries of the world with the sum of US$465,000.00, US$850.000.00 and US$1.5 million United states dollars respectively depending on the level of scam initiated on the companies or individuals.
To claim your compensation, we will advise you contact; MOST REV.JOHN BETTISON on his email: firstname.lastname@example.org or call him on his Phone: +234-7013517524 for claim requirement as below:
YOUR NAME_______________Contact ADDRESS___________________PHONE/MOBILE NUMBER_________________OCCUPATION/POSITION
Please note that upon the receipt of the above information your compensation claim file will be processed and your payment date shall be made known to you and more importantly, DO NOT FAIL TO INCLUDE YOUR REFERENCE CODE (0016B/FDIC03/CBA2801H) in your reply to this compensation notification.
once again on behalf of the Central Bank Of Nigeria and NDIC staff we say congratulations.
(scam Victims Compensation Program).
NB: Terms and Conditions apply.