fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Gerald Johnson" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 15 Nov 2018 08:37:07 -0800
Subject: Please Reply
From: UBS Investment Bank (London)
1 Golden Lane, London.
EC 1Y 0RR, United Kingdom.
Gerald Johnson :Operations Manager,
How are you doing today? I hope you're good. My Name is Gerald Johnson,
the Operations Manager of UBS Investment Bank, London. One of our accounts
holding a balance of GBP7,549,250.00 has been dormant for many
I am asking for your partnership in re-profiling the funds.First of
all,I will like to assure you that this transaction is 100% risk and trouble
free to both parties.I solicit for your assistance to execute this
transaction.This transaction will be covered up by me with my status
here in the bank.If you are interested to know more, email me back so we could
discuss more about this great business opportunity.