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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Kim Lee <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 16 Nov 2018 02:02:43 -0800
Subject: Kim Lee-South Korea border refugee camp

I am Kim Lee

Am a defector from north Korea.

my situation at this refugee camp is horrible please if you assure me cooperation/safety. I will find a way to come and see you

I have funds to invest in any profitable venture with you.

Kindly get back to me for full explanation via

Best regards,
Kim Lee

Anti-fraud resources: