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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.John Williams" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 22 Nov 2018 20:32:06 +0100
Subject: Your Attention Is Needed Please ! ! !

Dear Friend,

I am john williams from Liberia, am a refugee here in Ghana, I have my late parent inheritance fund with the Bank in Dubai. My parent last name happen to bear the same Surname as yours. The fund is now without any claim because my parent made it know to the bank before they died that it should be used for investment and has to be a foreign investor. I want your cooperation to make the bank transfer the fund to you as our beneficiary and foreign business partner. the bank may be forced to impound the fund and take it which is not right.

This transaction will be of great mutual assistance to us, as every paperwork and legal step will be handled by a good lawyer. for the transfer of the fund to be in your account peacefully without any delay or problem...

Please, will you help us to continue our education, Invest the fund into any good lucrative business, Buy a good house for us to live together as one big family.

I want you to send to my private email if you are interested ( )

I hope and look forward to hearing from you.


John Williams

Anti-fraud resources: