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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Barrister Joshua Peters Barrister Joshua Peters <>
Date: Fri, 23 Nov 2018 00:03:53 +0100
Subject: Good news!Good news!! Good news!!!

Hello Sir.

Good news!Good news!! Good news!!! Take note that the Nigerian
Government entered into a mutual agreement with UNITED NATION and
FRANCE Government to pay all the outstanding beneficiaries payment
via CITY BANK OF FRANCE instead of bank in Nigeria to avoid diversion
of funds due to the election that is coming up next year.

I have to plead with my boss in your behalf to add your payment file
among other beneficiaries who are to be pay via CITY BANK OF FRANCE .
Your fund valued at $10.5M will be transferred to you directly from
Germany due to the lapses in the Nigeria Government and its failed
state. They will contact you while you to state your banking details
for the transfer to be carried out in your

Anti-fraud resources: