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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Fred Damack" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 23 Nov 2018 14:56:25 +0100

Dear Sir,
Good day to you! I am Mr., Fred Damack, a private consultant consulting with JSM Consultant.
It is very important that you get back to me as soon as possible so we can discuss on a
development projects.
In brief a late client from DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO has some deposits of gold and Diamond
commercial quantity in a commercial bank in Uganda without declaring the contents to bank authority
under bank manager`s influence. He died intestate with a huge sum of money, gold and diamond left
behind with no one to claim after the local manager died in UK while on medical treatment. He may have
relatives or not but I would appreciate your confidential, attention to this matter.  I oversee/ manage a
private banking in Uganda. All I require is your honesty, co-operation to enable us seeing this deal through.
I guarantee that this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law.
Procedures will be sent to you in respond to this proposal.
Remember this is a confidential Business deal and must be kept top secret until we conclude this
Do kindly get back to me as soon as possible for more details.
Fred Damack
private consultant

Anti-fraud resources: