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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Michael Moore" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 28 Nov 2018 12:46:20 -0500

My name is Michael Moore, I am writing you based on my interest in investing into real estate and other businesses in your country.
I have contacted you on the consideration that I coulddiscuss with you on the possibility of placing some funds with you for management either in your existing
establishment or other venture to be undertaken at your discretion under terms to be agreed upon and also inquire about the possibility of you handling this investment and management on my behalf in your country.

Please furnish me more information on the availability of the areas of investment that you know and if possible so we can work out modalities to partner together.
Should you be interested in this proposal, kindly state your interest urgently I will furnish you with details as soon as I receive your favorable response. If you are not interested in this, kindly keep this information very confidential.
I await a swift response from you as soon as you can to this private
Best regards,

Anti-fraud resources: