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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Joel Young <>
Reply-To: Joel Young <>
Date: Sun, 16 Dec 2018 11:29:46 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Re


I am contacting you for the claim of your INHERITANCE FUND of $5,500,000.00 your late relative who died few years ago. It have your name and email address as the beneficiary.Reply with your FULL NAME,ADDRESS AND PHONE NUMBER to enable me send you the complete information in details to enable you claim your fund as the beneficiary.I awaits your urgent response.
_________________________GERMAN Ãœbersetzung ____________________

Ich kontaktiere Sie wegen des Anspruchs Ihres INHERITANCE FUND in Höhe von 5.500.000,00 $, Ihres verstorbenen Verwandten, der vor einigen Jahren verstorben ist. Sie haben Ihren Namen und Ihre E-Mail-Adresse als Begünstigten. Bitte geben Sie Ihren vollständigen Namen, die Adresse und die Telefonnummer an, damit ich Ihnen die vollständigen Informationen zur Verfügung stellen kann, damit Sie Ihr Geld als Begünstigten in Anspruch nehmen können.
______________________FRENCH Traduction____________________________

Je vous contacte pour réclamer la somme de 5 500 000,00 $ de votre défunt membre de votre fonds d'héritage, décédé récemment, qui est décédé il y a quelques années. Votre nom et votre adresse électronique en tant que bénéficiaire. Répondez avec votre nom complet, votre adresse et votre numéro de téléphone pour me permettre de vous envoyer les informations complètes en détail afin de vous permettre de revendiquer votre fonds en tant que bénéficiaire. J'attends votre réponse urgente.

Anti-fraud resources: