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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Wilfred Dev" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 16 Dec 2018 13:16:00 -0000
Subject: Payment Have Been Approved

Dear Sir/Madam,
This is a formal notice to inform you that we are processing fund transfer to you. The bank management have appointed a lawyer and the lawyer have resume duty in processing transfer. You are therefore required to send us the full name of claims, Telephone number and you address to send your funds immediately we receive your information.
Yours Faithfully
Director Wilfred.

Anti-fraud resources: