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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Alberto Max." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 22 Dec 2018 15:57:26 -0300
Subject: Change of Account Particulars !

Attention: Sir/Madam,
Re: Change of Account Particulars

I am writing to inform you that Mr. John T. Kehoe of 122 Fitch Way, Sacramento, CA.USA 95864, was in our office today to file an application contrary to the release of your pending fund transfer.

The above mentioned man visited our office with a power of attorney given in his favor, giving him the authority to process and claim the part payment of your funds valid at $3,500,000.00(Three Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars Only) as approved by the paying bank. The power of attorney stated that your bank account details be Terminated while the fund should be wired to his account with the below details;

Bank : Bank Of America
Account Number : 12908576457
Routing Number: 121000358

Mr. John T. Kehoe was told to come back to the Bank in 48 hours to enable us have a personal confirmation from you being the original beneficiary since we must adhere to the modus operandi of this honorable bank by making sure this request is verified and confirmed by the original beneficiary (You) before taking any action on the matter.

Note: If you do not authorized the name person to claim your fund kindly respond with your complete details as stated below:

Your full names:
Your Address:
Your Phone number:
A copy of your identification, either drivers license or international passport
Your complete bank details:

Upon the receipt of your response I shall advice you accordingly but if I do not hear from you in the next 2 working days we shall go ahead to process the payment in his favor and release the said amount to him.

I am look forward to your swift response.

Yours Sincerely,

Yours Sincerely,

Mr. Alberto Max.
Reply email:

Anti-fraud resources: