fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "DHL OFFICE" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 27 Dec 2018 13:56:11 -0800
Subject: FROM DHL OFFICE 5
In Furtherance to instruction from the United Nations Debts Reconciliation Committee UK, We hereby use this media to inform you that all documentations are ready for the onward final delivery of the original copy of your ATM VISA CARD to your designated address This
ATM VISA CARD represents the payment of your over due approved outstanding part payment claim of $8.5m
Please do reply and confirm your readiness to receive your parcel, Its vitally important we hear from you so that we can send the airway bill shipment tracking details to you that will aid you to track from time to time to know the status of the delivery of your parcel until it gets to your door post
We are here to serve you better
Mrs Judith Brown
Desk Officer DHL Office