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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Collins Kwame" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 27 Dec 2018 20:44:06 -0800
Subject: My Dearest,

My Dearest,
I write you this proposal in good fate;
I have packaged an interesting business proposal that will benefit you and I.
My name is Mr. Collins Kwame, I am a banker with one of the leading banks here in Ghana, West Africa.
Though this may be difficult for you to believe but, the business involves the transfer of about US$8,520,000.00 Million Dollars in a matter of days.
Please grant me the benefit of doubt and hear me out.
There are practically no risks involved, it will be a bank-to-bank transfer, and all I need from you is to signify your interest by replying to my private email address: {}.
I will give you more details as soon as I receive your positive response.
Thank you in advance and May God bless you and your family.
Best regards,
Mr. Collins Kwame.
D/L: +233560761675.

Anti-fraud resources: