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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Desmond B. Murray" <>
Date: Mon, 31 Dec 2018 20:54:10 +0530
Subject: Looking forward to reading your email today

Good day,

My name is Mr. Desmond Brian Murray, I am the Investment and Financial Manager at PCF Bank Plc London, United Kingdom. There is this profound and immense business I will love to discuss with you ,which will be of great benefit to both of us if carefully and intelligently handled.

I am contacting you seeking your permission and consent to partner with me to put claim of an Excess Investment Profit Returns (EIPR) which my department recorded. This Excess Investment Profit Returns (EIPR) has been calculated to a value of GBP8,100,000.00 (Eight Million One Hundred Thousand British Pounds only).

Upon our agreement ,I proposed and planned to enlist your name among the unpaid PCF Bank foreign Investors and the bank will pay to your submitted bank account this value of GBP8,100,000.00 as your annual dividend benefit, which both of us will disburse among ourselves.

Note this operation strictly requires the participation of a foreign citizen, thus I am contacting you to seek your interest and willingness to work with me.

Due to confidentiality of this operation and high spread of news, I won’t be able to detail you all about this operation ,until I receive a note of your interest and willingness to work with me, thereafter I will open up to you the full details and procedures of this operation.

To indicate your interest and willingness to handle this with me, kindly send me all below listed required to handle the paper works.

1) Your Full Name :
2) Your Current Address :
3) Your Nationality :
4) Your Contact Telephone :
5) Company Name : (if any)
6) Present Occupation:
7) Sex : (Male / Female)
8) Email Address :

Looking forward to reading your email today.

Thanks in advance


Mr. Desmond B. Murray

Anti-fraud resources: