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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Kolner Gavin" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 1 Jan 2019 00:50:41 -0000
Subject: This is yearly excess maximum return


My name is Kolner Gavin from CitiBank. This message is reaching you privately for $159.7 Million USD real estate investment project; which maybe executed successfully within 3-working days of commencement,and you will be rewarded with 5% of the total amount for your humane partnership.

This is yearly excess maximum return of $42.8 Billion Crude Investment Capital. As the financial expert of the Crude Trading Firm; I have maintained 0.5% Maximum return for the period of three (3) years; realizing the sum of $159.7 Million USD outstanding excess maximum return,which is currently in suspense account for my private investment.

I deemed it necessary to present you as trade partner and grant you online access at affiliate suspense account.. this transaction is hitch-free requiring utmost understanding/confidentiality between us to handle this private investment. I anticipate your positive reply for more details.

Kolner Gavin
Phone# +61 (48) 887-2179
#141 Queen Street, Brisbane QLD 4000 Australia.

Anti-fraud resources: