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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Reem" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 1 Jan 2019 22:19:40 -0000
Subject: Happy New Year

My name is Reem E. Hashimy, the Emirates Minister of State and Managing Director of the United Arab Emirates (Dubai) World Expo 2020 Committee.
I am writing you to invest and manage my funds which I received as gratification from various foreign companies I helped towards the Dubai World Expo 2020 bidding exercise. The amount is $24,762,906.00 United States dollars.
I cannot receive the fund back to my country because of restriction on Muslin married women whose personal investment engagement is limited.
For this reason, an agreement was reached with a financial consulting firm to receive the various gratification/financial gifts into an open beneficiary account with a bank where it will be possible for me to instruct transfer of right of ownership on the fund to a third party for investment purpose; which is the reason I am contacting you to receive and manage the fund as my investment partner. 
The detail will be discuss on your response, but if you are not willing, please do not discuss the project with anyone.
Wishing you the best in the year. 

Anti-fraud resources: