fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Ms. Reem Al-Hashimi" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 2 Jan 2019 06:57:38 -0000
My name is Hon. Ms. Reem Al-Hashimi, I am the present Minister of state and Petroleum in UAE. I write to solicit for your partnership in claiming of $47Million from a Financial Home in Cambodia.
The aforementioned fund $47Million is my share percentage from my Oil/Gas deal with Cambodia/Vietnam Government within 2013/2014, influentially I don't want my government to know about the fund. If this proposal interests you, let me know by sending me an email and I will send to you detailed Information on how this business would be successfully transacted. Be informed that nobody knows about the secret of this fund except me and I know how to carry out the entire transaction.
Furthermore, as a Minister of Petroleum, I am not allowed to be part of such a deal, because it's against my country's professional practice policy. So I am compelled to ask that you will stand on my behalf and receive this fund into any account that is solely controlled by you.
I will compensate you with 30% of the total amount involved as gratification for being my partner in the transfer. Reply to my private email as stated: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ms. Reem Al-Hashimi