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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Rita Graham" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 5 Jan 2019 18:00:05 -0300
Subject: Can we do business?


My name is Rita, I am an account officer in Union Bank Plc. I am
contacting you for a very beneficial business of a huge sum of money
from a deceased account.

I am aware that this letter has come to you as a surprise as we have
not met before or handled any business deal in the past.

Nevertheless, I have contacted you with good faith and genuine
intentions, and I hope I can trust you with this fund which I will
explain to you immediately I hear from you.

Can we do business? if interested kindly respond to me through my
personal email address below To facilitate the process of this

Rita Graham.

Anti-fraud resources: