fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "groupcompany" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 5 Jan 2019 22:20:54 +0100
Subject: Global Investment Council (GIC)
Thank you for your email.Global Investment Council (GIC) will be interested to consider a possible collaboration with your firm through project development if it
proves viable after our initial review. GIC is currently financing project developments through conventional loans of 3% interest rate annually and our possible
collaboration with your firm will be based on this form of funding.
As part of our procedure for consideration of project for possible funding, We'll expect to receive your project's general presentation in the form of a comprehensive
business plan in a compatible format ( PDF -recommended) for our review and consideration. If your project as presented is acceptable and within our scope of funding,
we shall thus make you an offer on a very clear and precise terms.
We expect your project presentation/Business plan to be able to cover the following functional areas:
- An introduction of your company and structure or an Introduction of the project owner/initiator
- Historical evaluation of business plan (if it is an already existing project or state if it is a new project)
- Financial structure and analysis to support the investment plan and proposition as presented
- in summary, you should state the total amount in US$ or Euros needed to fund the project in a clearly defined time frame.
We will move forward as we read further from you.
Member of Committee/Head of Global Investment Council