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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Trevor Hart CSM" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 13 Jan 2019 01:00:15 +0100
Subject: Trade Representative (Mandate)

Dear Sir,

We represent a top government functionary in Tehran, Iran. We are looking for trade representative (mandate) for multi-million crude oil deal with our foreign buyer. The deal has reached an advanced stage and considering the nature of the trade, the buyer is not willing to make transfer to our mandate account in Tehran as there is no standard contract paper in place to pass the transaction via regular international banking channel.

As a mandate, the buyer will be paying directly to your account and upon confirmation of his initial deposit, the vessel will sail. For your services, you will be receiving 10% of the total deposit in each deal. And to make things easier for you the proceeds will be re-invested abroad, so you will not have any problem profiling or redirecting the fund according to our instructions.

We will handle the entire closing documentations and export processing. If interested, we will provide you with more details.


Trevor Hart CSM

Anti-fraud resources: