fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "western union" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "mtcn" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Western Union money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. It is the preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (AOL; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "REV.DR VICTOR CHRISTAN" <www.@pastel.ocn.ne.jp>
Reply-To: "REV.DR VICTOR CHRISTAN" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 18 Jan 2019 00:28:39 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Attention Dear Beneficiary,
Attn: Our Esteem Customer,
We have deposited the check of your fund ($2.5million) through
Western Union department after our final
meeting regarding your fund,All you will do is to contact Western
Union director REV.DR VICTOR CHRISTAN via E-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org).He will give you direction on how you will
be receiving the funds daily.Remember to send
him your Full information to avoid wrong transfer such as,
Phone Number: _____________
Though, REV.DR VICTOR CHRISTAN has sent $5000 in your name today Senders so
contact REV.DR VICTOR CHRISTAN or you call him
+1(424)282-6114), as soon as you receive this email and tell him to give
you the Mtcn, sender name and question/answer
to pick the $5000: Please let us know as soon as you received all your fund,
REV.DR VICTOR CHRISTAN