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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Citi Bank" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 17 Jan 2019 20:39:22 -0800
Subject: Citi Bank $800.000.00 USD Payment

Citi Bank Group Headquarters US.
Citigroup Center. 153 East 53rd Street. 16/ F, Zone 19,
New York, NY 10022. U.S.A
Payment Value: $800.000.00 USD
RE/NO: 00562-CITI/0047/2019
Date: 01:17:2019.

Dear Beneficiary,

On behalf of the entire staff of the Bank of Citi Bank Group and the US Government in collaboration with International Monetary Fund {IMF} and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). We want to officially notify you that your funds valued at $800,000.00(Eight Hundred Thousand United States Dollars only), being payment for your Overdue Accrued Inheritance/Contract winning entitlements has been programmed to be transferred to a Bank Account to Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) , following series of documents tendered by your Representative Mr. David Carter, and your Attorney Barrister John Swatz, of J. Swatz & Associates because FedEx could not deliver to you the draft issued initially on your behalf due to wrong information on your address.

Account Name: Mr. David Carter
Bank: Royal Bank of Canada
ACCOUNT NUMBER: 233012734259
BANK ADDRESS: Royal Bank Plaza Toronto, ON M5J 2J5 Canada

Please, you are hereby required to clarify the following immediately: -

1. Did you broker your debt to Mr. David Carter to claim and receive the payment on your behalf?
2. Did you sign any “Deed of Assignment” in his favor, thereby making him the current beneficiary of the Funds,
3. You are required as a matter of urgency to confirm the legitimacy of the above claim and kindly give us reason why you decided to affect the above Change of Account.

You are advice to get back to this office immediately for clarifications on this matter as we shall be available 24 Hrs to speak with you and give you the necessary guidelines on how to ensure that your payment is wired to you immediately. Just also be informed that any further delay could be dangerous, as we would not be held responsible of wrong payment. We wait your swift response and also advised that if our directives are followed carefully, you should have your fund in your account within two bank working days and you can also open an account with us to enable your fund be credited to your account and the ATM attach to your account would be sent to you.

Best Regard.

Michael L. Corbat
Executive Officer Consumer and Commercial Banking
Citi Bank New York.

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