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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr. Jose Pedro Perez-Llorca" <>
Date: Mon, 28 Jan 2019 22:26:40 +0000
Subject: Good Business Proposal

My name is Barr. Jose Pedro Perez-Llorca , a legal practitioner in
Madrid Spain. I have a business proposal which i believe that will be a
very good opportunity for both of us so I decided to contact you on this
business opportunity here in Spain.

The proposal is that I have a client, who was deceased since 2000,
alongside with his entire family in Air France,you can confirm it
yourself via the website below from BBC NEWS: click on the link for more
information or confirmation ( ). I am contacting you to
know if you could help or assist me in claiming of the funds that was
left in my deceased client's bank account in Spain. So, I have decided
to make this business proposal to you and release the money to you as
the next of kin to the deceased since nobody is coming for it and I
don’t want this money to go into the banks treasury as unclaimed funds
or declared to the Government of Spain, once this is done the Government
of Spain will confiscate the funds, which is not good for both of us. I
agreed that 40 % of this money will be for you as a foreign partner, in
respect to your acceptance to do this business with me, while 60% would
be for me and my family. The total amount of cash in the bank account of
my deceased client is €24,700,000 (Twenty Four Million, Seven Hundred
Thousand Euros Only).

The bank have issued to me a notification to contact the next of kin of
my deceased client for either to re-activate the bank account or to make
claim of beneficiary of the Money in the bank account, with a month
surcharge of 6% to be deducted as an Escrow safe keeping fee of the bank
account, so as to avoid the indefinite closure of the bank account. I
want to seek your consent first and to present your kind self as the
next of kin and beneficiary of my deceased client, since I have the
whole information’s that the bank will request for the release of the
This means that the proceeds of his bank account would be paid to you as
his next of kin or the legitimate beneficiary. When the money is been
transferred into your account, I will visit your country to set up an
investment under your kind control. All the legal documents to back up
your claim as my client's next of kin would be provided by me. The most
important thing I want is your honest co-operation in this proposition.
This would be done under a legitimate arrangement that would protect you
from any breach of the law.

If this business proposition offends your moral and ethical values, feel
free to back out. Please contact me at once if you are interested.


Barr. Jose Pedro Perez-Llorca
(Senior Advocate/Solicitor)

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