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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Allan Griffiths" <>
Date: Thu, 31 Jan 2019 22:44:33 +0700
Subject: Re: Did you get my first email?


Did you get the email I sent to you? It is important please get back to me.

Allan Griffiths
Think before you print. Please consider the environment before printing this

NOTE: This e-mail message and any attachments are intended for the addressee
only, and contain confidential information that may be legally privileged
and/or the subject of copyright that is protected by law. Any unauthorised
usage, disclosure, alteration or dissemination is prohibited. Allan Griffiths
accepts no responsibility for loss, data corruption or mail that fails to
reach its intended destination. Furthermore, Allan Griffiths cannot assure the
integrity of this communication nor guarantee that it is free of errors,
viruses, interception or interference. No liability, whether direct or
indirect, is accepted by Allan Griffiths or the sender. Any view or opinion
expressed in this message may not necessarily be that of Allan Griffiths or
Allan Griffiths Management. Allan Griffiths reserves the right to monitor all
e-mail communication.e-mail communication.

Anti-fraud resources: