fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Kyeongman Park" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 19 Feb 2019 08:50:14 -0800
Subject: Delivery Notification.
Dear Sir/Madam, =
Your shipment is scheduled for delivery tomorrow.
You will require a tracking number to check the status of the delivery! =
Kindly complete the tracking process Here =
M +34 607 798 572 (ES - ) =
T +34 913 230 207 (ES - ) =
Disclaimer: This mail transmission and any attached files are confidential=
and are intended for the addressee only. If you are not the person or orga=
nization to whom it is addressed, you must not copy, disclose, distribute o=
r take any action in reliance upon it. If you have received this message in=
error, please contact the sender by email and delete all copies of this me=
ssage and all copies of any attached files.