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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Zainab Ahmed" <>
Date: Fri, 1 Mar 2019 10:56:11 +0100
Subject: Attention Funds Beneficiary:

For Your Attention:

I am Mrs. Zainab Ahmed Newly-appointed Acting Minister of Finance of
Nigeria, I am contacting you respect to your fund total amount of
$5,000,000.00 Million that was being withheld by the former Minister
of Finance. Today, I have an outstanding order from the Office of the
Presidency to release your due contract fund without delay. Do
reconfirm your Resident Address, Private Email Address, Phone and copy
of your valid ID. I look forward to your earliest confirmation of this

Mrs. Zainab Ahmed
Newly-Appointed Acting
Minister of Finance

Anti-fraud resources: